What does poor oral hygiene cause?

Most people know that not brushing your teeth on a daily basis can lead to tooth decay, bad breath, and tooth decay. However, recent studies have found that poor dental hygiene can also have unexpected health consequences, such as an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease and heart disease.

Oral conditions

are often considered separate from other chronic conditions, but are actually interrelated. Poor oral health is associated with other chronic diseases, such as diabetes and heart disease.

Oral disease is also associated with risky behaviors, such as tobacco use and consumption of sugary foods and beverages. If you have poor oral health, you are at risk for cardiovascular disease. Bacteria from infected gums enter the bloodstream and can cause arteries to build up plaque. This can put you at risk of having a heart attack.

Very few people really know how important good oral health is to their overall health. Normally, the body's natural defenses and good oral health care, such as daily brushing and flossing, keep bacteria under control. However, without proper oral hygiene, bacteria can reach levels that could cause oral infections, such as tooth decay and gum disease. In most low- and middle-income countries, the prevalence of oral diseases continues to increase with increasing urbanization and changes in living conditions.

Most cases are dental caries (cavities), periodontal diseases, oral cancers, dental trauma, cleft lip and palate, and noma (severe gangrenous disease that begins in the mouth and mainly affects children). The marketing of foods and beverages with a high sugar content, as well as tobacco and alcohol, has led to an increasing consumption of products that contribute to oral health conditions and other non-communicable diseases. Most oral diseases and conditions share modifiable risk factors, such as tobacco use, alcohol consumption and an unhealthy diet high in free sugars, which are common to the 4 major non-communicable diseases (cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes). Certain chronic conditions increase the risk of periodontal disease, such as diabetes, a weakened immune system, poor oral hygiene, and heredity.

Oral trauma can be caused by oral factors such as misalignment of teeth and environmental factors (such as unsafe playgrounds, risky behaviors, traffic accidents, and violence). Oral human papillomavirus (HPV), the most common sexually transmitted disease, can cause cancers of the back of the throat, called “oropharyngeal cancers.” To prevent serious health problems caused by poor oral health habits, you should take care of your oral health. It mainly affects children aged 2 to 6 who suffer from malnutrition, are affected by infectious diseases, live in extreme poverty with poor oral hygiene or with a weakened immune system. There is a very strong and consistent association between socioeconomic status (income, occupation and educational level) and the prevalence and severity of oral diseases.12 The resolution recommends moving from the traditional curative approach to a preventive approach that includes health promotion in the family, schools and places of work, and includes timely, comprehensive and inclusive care within the primary health care system.